Rutherford B. Hayes VS. Thomas Jefferson

bio

History is made by people and for people. Information is not only passed by the individuals who took part the making of history but also those who felt the impact of the events. Bruce Olav in the book; Making History: A Personal Approach to Modern American History, states the various people that shaped the history of America and their contributions. Some of those featured in the book include Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel J. Tilden, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson and Herbert Spencer all who played different roles.

Passion for law

Rutherford B Hayes was born in Ohio in 1822 (center). He pursued law at Harvard law school and become a lawyer. Later in his late forties, he joined the army and was promoted to general rank. After the war, he joined politics and become a member of the Republican party, later become president (Solheim). Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia 1743, schooled at The College of William and Mary to become a lawyer. He served as a magistrate in local government and a member of House of Burgesses and later became president for two terms under the democratic party (Monticello). He drafted the declaration of independence an American charter.

Fight against slave trade

Rutherford B. Hayes and Thomas Jefferson contributed in creating America history in various ways. Both went to law schools and became a prominent lawyer. Rutherford contributed to ending the slave trade; he becomes an antislavery advocate on his quest to white house. Jefferson signed an act that led to prohibiting the importation of slaves an act that mostly led to a reduction of the slave trade (Monticello). That action by Jefferson positioned him as one of the greatest presidents ever. They supported the ending of a slave in various ways in America a move which united people and generally led in shaping future of the nation. They symbolized unity and need to respect every human becoming a pioneer in the fight against slavery in history.

Economic growth

Both Rutherford and Jefferson become presidents in Whitehouse who aimed at economic expansion and growth (center). Rutherford designed to eliminate corruption and advocated nonpartisan reforms in civil service and maintained gold standard a way to economic recovery. Jefferson organized the purchase of Louisiana move that saw the expansion of country territory and keenly pursued trading and shipping interests (Monticello). Federal government spending was reduced by Jefferson. Thus, the national debt was minimized.  Policies set by both men set standards for government officers performances, aimed at economy stabilization and reducing misuse of public funds.

Promotion of education

The interest in education was a common goal. Jefferson founded the University of Virginia and advocated free public education (Monticello). He contributed to the planning the structures and curriculum as well as writing his books. Rutherford in his final days campaigned for equal opportunities in education for all children and was actively involved in the movement for prison reforms. In school life, they both went to university to gather knowledge in law, which they used to advocate various issues such as the antislavery. Their shared interest in education led to the development of academic institutions which improved the literacy levels in America. However, these two characters had differences which in different ways contributed to the making of history.  Rutherford was a Republican from the north While Jefferson was a Democrat from the south and they had entirely different upbringing which was later reflected in who they become.

Rutherford joined the army in his during the war and was appointed to run a post in the house of representatives with Republican group. In the military, he rose to the rank of major general and later joined politics after the war (center). Jefferson however, served as lieutenant and practiced law serving as a magistrate in local government. He was chosen to draft charter of the declaration of independence a document that stated that all men are equal in rights (Monticello). His legal expertise helped in the formulation of the charter that set rights and was actively involved in opposing the British rule. In his career as an army Rutherford, he proved loyalty to his calling as an Army when he refused to campaign an act that helped gain trust by the Republicans. His military experience helped him to govern Ohio by choosing those who best served his country, assisted eliminate political corruption and advocated reforms in civil service.

Jefferson was a shy person who feared arrest and runs away on occasions to escape British forces and used his knowledge in writing as a weapon by drafting the rights of British America. Policies set by Jefferson served as key negotiation factor in war period though many believe he was a coward because he never confronted the enemy (Monticello). Rutherford, on the other side, was a military man who faced issues and led to battles without fear (center). Notably, that in the war he got injured five times but still led the men in the battlefield. He worked hard in military gained respect both from his colleagues and got a promotion to major general a position that saw to his appointment for Republican post. They both had different ways of approaching problems; Rutherford confronted the problem while Jefferson did not but rather used his pen which proved to be a mighty weapon in drafting policies (Solheim).

Rutherford was a leader who aimed at implementing civil service reforms that favored competence rather than party loyalty. He believed that in improving government effectiveness, it was for best interest to have leaders based on their performance capabilities, not on party affiliations. Jefferson, a policy maker, advocated rights over national institutions. He drastically reduced government spending on administration and armed forces and acquired Louisiana territory (Monticello). They had a different approach to governing, Rutherford focused on reforming civil service and maintaining gold standards while Jefferson prioritized policy formulations and reduction in government spending (Solheim).

Jefferson formulated the embargo act that saw the banning of all European trade from American ports an act that affected the economy negatively (Monticello). This bill reduced the level of productivity of the ports, and its effect was directly felt in the economy. Rutherford negotiated trade agreements with the Chinese a plan that would later reduce the level of immigration to the US and also established Samoa treaty in support of East Asian trade. His military experience helped him practice fair play in ending the rivalry between Mexico and Texas. While Jefferson chose to remain neutral and banned all European trade Rutherford negotiated deals in an attempt to unite people (Monticello).

Loyalty to duty calls best illustrated by Rutherford. When he is called to campaign for his party, he chooses not to but rather condemned any military officer who would abandon such national duty (center). He proved his loyalty and strength by leading the army to war. Jefferson, on the other hand, is seen as a coward. During the revolution, he fled to Monticello to escape instead of confronting the enemy (Solheim). They both contributed to shaping America’s history by participating in different policies and strategy making.